PHYSICAL SCIENCE: MATTER AND MIXTURES

5.P.2A.1

States of Matter: Basics
Interactive simulation
In this interactive simulation, heat, cool, and compress atoms and molecules to change states between solid, liquid and gas phases.

States of Matter Basics: States and Phase Changes
Interactive simulation
Analyze and interpret data from observations and measurements of the physical properties of matter to explain why matter can be classified as a solid, liquid or gas.

States of Matter
Video
Defines matter as anything that takes up space and has weight. Examples of different kinds of matter.

Particulate Nature of Matter
Learn about gases, liquids, and solids at an atomic level.

5.P.2B.1

Properties of Mixtures vs. Solutions
Demonstration and lesson plan
Students are introduced to the distinctive properties of mixtures and solutions. A class demonstration led by the teachers gives students the opportunity to compare the physical characteristics of a few simple mixtures and solutions. They discuss the separation of mixtures and solutions back into their original components as well as different engineering applications of mixtures and solutions.

5.P.2B.2

5.P.2B.3

Types of Matter
Videos, images, reading and review questions
Describe elements, atoms, compounds, molecules, crystals, mixtures, and types of mixtures.

5.P.2B.4

Rate of Dissolving
The rate of dissolving and the factors that affect it.

Concentration
A solution is a mixture of two or more substances in which dissolved particles are distributed evenly throughout the solution. The substance that dissolves in a solution is called the solute, and the substance that does the dissolving is called the solvent. The concentration of  a solution is the amount of solute in a given amount of solution. A solution with a lot of dissolved solute has a high concentration and is called a concentrated solution. A solution with little dissolved solute has a low concentration and is called a dilute solution.

5.P.2B.5

Rate of Dissolving
Videos, images, reading and review questions
The rate of dissolving and the factors that affect it.

5.P.2B.6

Separating Mixtures
Videos, images, reading and review questions
Explain that mixtures of solids can be separated based on observable properties of their parts such as particle size, shape, color, and magnetic attraction.

Paper Chromatography Activity
Activity and lesson plan
The lab will introduce students to scientific techniques used by Crime Scene Investigators to identify what pen is used to write notes, such as those found at a crime scene. Students will learn about paper chromatography procedures, protocols and analysis.

Are Black Markers Really Black?
Activity
Paper chromatography activity.

Solar Still, Part 1: Salt Water
The water cycle is the process that moves water around Earth. In this video segment cast members use a homemade solar still to mimic this natural process, separating pure water from a saltwater mixture.

EARTH SCIENCE: CHANGES IN LANDFORMS AND OCEANS

5.E.3A.1

Erosion in Rivers
Activity and lesson plan
Students learn about water erosion through an experimental process in which small-scale buildings are placed along a simulated riverbank to experience a range of flooding conditions. They learn how soil conditions are important to the stability or failure of civil engineering projects and how a river's turns and bends make a difference in the likelihood of erosion. They make model buildings and then see how their designs and riverbank placements are impacted by slow and fast water flow over the soil. Students make predictions, observations and conclusions about the stability of their model houses and develop ideas for how to mitigate damage in civil engineering projects.

5.E.3A.2

Ocean floor project model
Video
Scroll down to find directions on how to make the model.

Make a [shoebox] Model of the Ocean Floor!
Activity
Use a shoebox to make a model of the ocean floor. Includes materials list and procedure.

5.E.3B.1

Earthquake
Activity and lesson plan
Explore the causes of earthquakes and the impact on humans and geology. Limited and easily available materials for hands-on activity.

5.E.3B.2

Erosion and Deposition by Water
Images, vocabulary, reading and review questions
Explain how waves cause erosion of shorelines, describe features formed by wave deposition, and identify ways to protect shorelines from wave erosion.

5.E.3B.3

Protecting the Water Supply
The water supply can be harmed in two major ways: the water can be polluted, and it can be overused. Protecting the water supply must address both problems.

5.E.3B.4

NOAA Sea Level Rise Viewer
Interactive
Interactive mapping tool that shows the impacts of sea level rise on coastal areas, including visualizations of increasing water levels at specific landmarks as well as highlighting areas of socio-economic vulnerability.

PBS Kids Design Squad Don’t Flood the Fidgets
Interactive simulation
Students design their own city with safeguards against floods. Students have 3 attempts to build their cities, with explanations for which elements are most effective.

LIFE SCIENCE: INTERDEPENDENT RELATIONSHIPS IN ECOSYSTEMS

5.L.4A.1

Abiotic vs Biotic
PowerPoint
PowerPoint of 25 slides containing images and information about abiotic and biotic factors.

Abiotic vs. biotic web
PowerPoint
Interactive PowerPoint of 31 slides containing images, discussion questions, fill-in-the-blanks, sortable T-chart, and link to video clip for discussion.

5.L.4A.2

Abiotic vs Biotic
PowerPoint
PowerPoint of 25 slides containing images and information about abiotic and biotic factors.

Abiotic vs. biotic web
PowerPoint
Interactive PowerPoint of 31 slides containing images, discussion questions, fill-in-the-blanks, sortable T-chart, and link to video clip for discussion.

5.L.4B.1

The Living Soil Beneath Our Feet
Video and educational materials
An underground, up-close look at how a Douglas fir and a mushroom are connected by hyphae, ants, moss mites, nematodes, amoebas, and bacteria.

Carnivores, Herbivores and Omnivores
Video
Tiger, giraffe, and gorilla eating and images of their teeth.

Animal Diet Game
Interactive
When an animal appears on the screen, choose whether it is an omnivore, herbivore, or carnivore and watch it eat!

5.L.4B.2

Food Chain Game
Interactive
Play the Food Chain Game by dragging each part of the food chain to the correct place in the food chains.

Food Chains and Food Webs
PowerPoint
PowerPoint of 48 slides containing images, information and vocabulary words.

Day 1-Food Chains...Moving Matter in an Ecosystem
Videos
Students use videos and discussions to create their own model of a food chain and explain the movement of energy among organisms.

BBC Food Chain Challenge – Woodland
Interactive
Game that allows students to build food chains by selecting producers and consumers from a woodland habitat to complete 6 levels, or students can explore over 50 possible chains in free-play mode.

BBC Food Chain Challenge – Savannah
Interactive
Game that allows students to build food chains by selecting producers and consumers from a savannah habitat to complete 6 levels, or students can explore over 50 possible chains in free-play mode.

BBC Food Chain Challenge – Tundra
Interactive
Game that allows students to build food chains by selecting producers and consumers from a tundra habitat to complete 6 levels, or students can explore over 50 possible chains in free-play mode.

Platte Basin - Build Food Chains & Food Webs
Interactive
In this activity, students will complete food chains, identify producers and consumers, and compare food webs for the organisms that live in a prairie ecosystem.

5.L.4B.3

Food Chains and Food Webs
PowerPoint
PowerPoint of 48 slides containing images, information and vocabulary words.

Annenberg Learner Ecology Lab
Interactive simulation
In this simulation, students add producers and consumers to a habitat and control how the organisms interact to keep the ecosystem balanced. Students see each species represented graphically over time to monitor populations and can work to complete the challenges, or in free-play to explore ecosystem relationships.

Project Hero Pollinator Quest
Videos and lesson plan
A self-paced explanation of the characteristics, roles, and conservation of pollinators in general, as well as local species. Encourages students to make real-world observations but also includes short video links. Project Hero Quests encourage community engagement projects to address environmental issues. As an assignment, students could walk through a theoretical project, or the platform can be used to plan an actual class project to support pollinators.

5.L.4B.4

Deer: Predation or Starvation?
Worksheet
Students are given a table of deer population data (birth, death, predation, and starvation) and must graph the deer and wolf populations. Students then make observations and conclusions based on the data (includes questions for students to answer).

PBS Kids Make a Mangrove
Interactive simulation
In this game, students must build a mangrove ecosystem by gradually introducing species and try to keep it healthy by making sure each species has enough food to survive.

PHYSICAL SCIENCE: FORCES AND MOTION

5.P.5A.1

Graph Matching
Interactive simulation
Move the blue oval right and left to make the character’s motion match the position versus time graph.

Speed
Images, examples, reading and review problems
Explain how to calculate the speed of a moving object and solve speed word problems.

5.P.5A.2

Roller Coaster Game
Interactive simulation
In the interactive you control the initial speed of the coaster, its mass, the amount of friction on the track, the height of the hills, the size of the loop, and the gravity at work.

Forces and Motion: Basic
Interactive simulation
Explore the forces at work when pushing a refrigerator, person, or crate; or pulling against a cart.

Force
Anytime there is a change in motion there must be a force.

Newton’s First Law: Inertia
For an object to change direction or motion a force must act upon it.

Newton’s Second Law: Acceleration
Acceleration is a change in speed or direction.

Newton’s Third Law: Action & Reaction
What happens when one object applies force to another?

5.P.5A.3

Small Rube Goldberg Machines
Video
Effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of objects.

Roller Coaster Game
Interactive simulation
Control the initial speed of the coaster, its mass, the amount of friction on the track, the height of the hills, the size of the loop, and the gravity at work.

Soccer Ball: Energy and Change
Interactive simulation
Using concept knowledge of force and direction to kick a soccer ball and score a goal.

5.P.5A.4

Discover How Friction Works with Astronaut Paul Richards
Video
Learn what happens to the friction caused by the space shuttle rubbing against air molecules during landing. Also, find out more with an easy science demonstration on the power of friction.

Bumper Ducks
Interactive
Interactive game that teaches about what happens when two objects collide and how mass impacts the acceleration of an object.

Roller Coaster Game
Interactive simulation
Control the initial speed of the coaster, its mass, the amount of friction on the track, the height of the hills, the size of the loop, and the gravity at work.

The Bridge Challenge
Interactive, discussion questions, reading and lesson plan
This interactive activity challenges players to identify which bridge design is best for different locations.

How Do You Launch a Rocket Without Using Fuel?
Video, student handouts, Teacher material with answer key
Ready for liftoff? Can you make a rocket and figure out how to launch it without any fuel? See what our Science-U campers created and try it yourself with step-by-step instructions and guided scientific questions available in the downloadable student handout.

5.P.5A.5

Roller Coaster Game
Interactive simulation
Control the initial speed of the coaster, its mass, the amount of friction on the track, the height of the hills, the size of the loop, and the gravity at work.