ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND NUCLEAR PROCESSES 

H.C.2A.1  

Build an Atom: Atom, Symbol, and Game 
Interactive simulation 
Compare subatomic particles by mass, location, charge, electrical attractions and impact on the properties of an atom. 

Chemthink--Atomic Structure
Interactive Simulation
In this Chemthink tutorial and question set, you will explore atomic structure and complete a short quiz.  Topics include: mass, charge, and function of subatomic particles; and protons, neutrons, and electrons. Also includes fill-in-the-blank notes and a short quiz.

Atoms Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Atoms game, students build atoms of increasing atomic size by adding protons to the nucleus and electrons to the atomic orbitals while discovering fill order.

H.C.2A.2  

Periodic Table of the Elements
Interactive and lesson plan 
Investigate the properties of different elements through an interactive periodic table and quiz. 

Molecular Shapes
Interactive and lesson plan 
Interactive activity explains the valence shell electron pair repulsion theory. 

H.C.2A.3  

Build an Atom: Atom, Symbol, and Game 
Interactive simulation 
Use the Bohr and quantum mechanical models of atomic structure to exemplify how electrons are distributed in atoms.   

H.C.2B.1  

H.C.2B.2  

H.C.2B.3  

Nuclear Chemistry Part 2: Fusion and Fission - Crash Course Chemistry
Video
Continuing our look at Nuclear Chemistry, Hank takes this episode to talk about Fusion and Fission. What they mean, how they work, their positives, negatives, and dangers. Plus, E=mc2, Mass Defect, and Applications of Fission and Fusion in the real world!

5 Things You Wouldn't Expect a Nuclear Reactor to Do
Video
Did you know that a nuclear reactor isn't the same thing as a nuclear power plant? What a nuclear reactor can do might surprise you.

Inside MIT's Nuclear Reactor
Video
Ever wonder what actually goes on, day-to-day, at a nuclear reactor? Get an insider's tour of MIT's!

Nuclear Reaction: Fission
Video, background reading and discussion questions
This video segment adapted from FRONTLINE introduces the research that led to the first atomic bomb and, later, to nuclear energy production. The narration details why, when the nuclei of a particular isotope of uranium (U-235) are split, enormous amounts of energy are released that can be used to generate electricity.

H.C.2B.4 


BONDING AND CHEMICAL FORMULAS 

H.C.3A.1  

Covalent Bonding
Interactive and lesson plan 
Investigate the attractive and repulsive forces that act on atomic particles and how the sharing of electrons can keep atoms together and how two hydrogen atoms interact with each other to create a covalent bond. 

Ionic Bonding  
Interactive and lesson plan 
Investigate how the transfer of electrons between atoms creates ions and how the mutual attraction of these charged particles forms ionic bonds. 

Chemthink--Ionic Bonding
Interactive simulation
In this Chemthink tutorial, you will explore ionic bonding and take a short quiz.  Topics include: how ions form and why they stick together; the 3-dimensional shape of an ionic crystal; and counting ions in a crystal to determine the ionic formula. Also included is a fill-in-a-blank notes page.

Covalent Bonding Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Covalent Bonding game, players bond together atoms to create target molecules with unique bond polarities and molecular shapes.

Ions Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Ions game, students form stable ions by attempting to add or remove electrons from any energy level while monitoring ionization energies to create target cations and anions.

Ionic Bonding Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Ionic Bonding game, players bond together ions to create target ionic compounds of specific cation to anion ratios.

Acids & Bases Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Acids & Bases game, players remove protons from acids and add protons to bases to create target ions and molecules.

H.C.3A.2  

Periodic Table of Elements
Interactive 
Hyperlinked information about each element—just click on the element in the periodic table. Also, downloadable, printable versions. 

Covalent Bonding
Interactive and lesson plan 
Investigate the attractive and repulsive forces that act on atomic particles and how the sharing of electrons can keep atoms together and how two hydrogen atoms interact with each other to create a covalent bond. 

Covalent Bonding Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Covalent Bonding game, players bond together atoms to create target molecules with unique bond polarities and molecular shapes.

Ions Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Ions game, students form stable ions by attempting to add or remove electrons from any energy level while monitoring ionization energies to create target cations and anions.

Ionic Bonding Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Ionic Bonding game, players bond together ions to create target ionic compounds of specific cation to anion ratios.

H.C.3A.3  

Covalent Bonding
Interactive and lesson plan 
Investigate the attractive and repulsive forces that act on atomic particles and how the sharing of electrons can keep atoms together and how two hydrogen atoms interact with each other to create a covalent bond. 

Covalent Bonding Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Covalent Bonding game, players bond together atoms to create target molecules with unique bond polarities and molecular shapes.

Ions Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Ions game, students form stable ions by attempting to add or remove electrons from any energy level while monitoring ionization energies to create target cations and anions.

Ionic Bonding Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Ionic Bonding game, players bond together ions to create target ionic compounds of specific cation to anion ratios.

H.C.3A.4  

H.C.3A.5  

Chemthink -- Ion Formation
Interactive simulation
In this Chemthink tutorial, you will explore ion formation and take a short quiz.  Topics include: counting protons, neutrons, and electrons; and Lewis dot Ssructure for ions. Also includes fill-in-the-blank notes.

MolView
Interactive
With this resource, students can use the tools on the left side of the screen to draw a 2D organic molecule, then by clicking the "2D to 3D button", students can directly observe the corresponding 3D ball and stick model. The program is geared toward line drawing notation of organic molecules, however, by clicking the "C-H" button at the top of the screen, students can toggle the skeletal formula notation. Additional "Tools" include an "Information Card" which provides the chemical name, formula, molecular weight, percent composition, and in some cases, even a description of its real-world application.

H.C.3A.6  

H.C.3A.7 


STATES OF MATTER 

H.C.4A.1  

States of Matter 
Interactive simulation 
Change the temperature or volume of a container and see a corresponding pressure-temperature diagram. Relate how forces on the molecules relate to the interaction potential. 

States of Matter: Basics; States & Phase Changes 
Interactive simulation 
Use models to explain the arrangement and movement of the particles in solids, liquids, and gases. 

Phases of Matter 
Interactive and lesson plan 
Learn about solids, liquids and gases and how addition and removal of thermal energy affects them. 

Melting and Boiling Simulation 
Interactive simulation 
Observe the motion and temperature of water molecules in this simulation as heat is applied to a beaker containing an ice cube. 

Water Simulation
Interactive simulation 
Explore the behavior of water molecules as they bounce, ricochet and attract each other (2-dimensional simulation—does not show formation of ice crystals). 

IMFs Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Intermolecular Forces (IMFs) game, players use single atoms or build molecules of target polarities to create IMFs.

Phase Change Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Phase Change game, players match the sequence of phases in each target by adding or removing energy to affect particle motion and IMFs.

H.C.4A.2  

Phase Change Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Phase Change game, players match the sequence of phases in each target by adding or removing energy to affect particle motion and IMFs.

H.C.4A.3  

States of Matter: Basics and Phase Changes 
Interactive simulation 
Use a model to explain the behaviors of gases including the relationships among pressure, volume, and temperature.

Phase Change Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Phase Change game, players match the sequence of phases in each target by adding or removing energy to affect particle motion and IMFs.


SOLUTIONS, ACIDS, AND BASES 

H.C.5A.1  

Sugar and Salt Solutions  
Interactive simulation 
What happens when sugar and salt are added to water? Pour in sugar, shake in salt, and evaporate water to see the effects on concentration and conductivity. Zoom in to see how different sugar and salt compounds dissolve. Zoom in again to explore the role of water.  

IMFs Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Intermolecular Forces (IMFs) game, players use single atoms or build molecules of target polarities to create IMFs.

Phase Change Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Phase Change game, players match the sequence of phases in each target by adding or removing energy to affect particle motion and IMFs.

Acids & Bases Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Acids & Bases game, players remove protons from acids and add protons to bases to create target ions and molecules.

H.C.5A.2  

Gizmos Feel the Heat
Interactive simulation 
By signing up for a free account, students can access this interactive simulation that allows students to explore endothermic and exothermic processes by dissolving a selection of salts in water.

Phase Change Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Phase Change game, players match the sequence of phases in each target by adding or removing energy to affect particle motion and IMFs.

H.C.5A.3   

Concentration
Interactive simulation 
Watch your solution change color as you mix chemicals with water. Then check molarity with the concentration meter. What are all the ways you can change the concentration of your solution? Switch solutes to compare different chemicals and find out how concentrated you can go before you hit saturation! 

H.C.5A.4  

Acids & Bases Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the Acids & Bases game, players remove protons from acids and add protons to bases to create target ions and molecules.

pH Scale 
Interactive simulation 
Test the pH of things like coffee, spit, and soap to determine whether each is acidic, basic, or neutral. Visualize the relative number of hydroxide ions and hydronium ions in solution. Switch between logarithmic and linear scales. Investigate whether changing the volume or diluting with water affects the pH.  

Gizmos Feel the Heat
Interactive simulation 
By signing up for a free account, students can access this interactive simulation that allows students to explore endothermic and exothermic processes by dissolving a selection of salts in water.


CHEMICAL REACTIONS 

H.C.6A.1 

Equilibrium  Game
Game, challenge levels, exploratory sandbox and teacher resources
In the equilibrium game, players disturb reactions to shift equilibrium and cause changes in the system to match game targets. 

H.C.6A.2  

Ocean Acidification and Marine Life 
Video 
Demonstrates that as the ocean absorbs more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere some shelled organisms have more difficulty in building shells. 

H.C.6A.3  

H.C.6A.4  

Pyrotechnics: It’s Elemental  
Interactive and lesson plan 
Interactive periodic table focuses on some of the elements used most frequently in creating fireworks and how they’re used to create startling effects. 

Ocean Acidification and Marine Life  
Video with discussion questions 
Visualize the impacts of increasing carbon dioxide concentrations in the ocean on shelled marine organisms. The video and supplemental reading include the chemical reactions involved as more atmospheric carbon dioxide is absorbed into marine environments, resulting in ocean acidification.


THERMOCHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS 

H.C.7A.1  

Specific Heat Experiment  
Interactive 
Choose between three different materials and collect virtual data about mass and temperature change. Then calculate the specific heat of the chosen material based on the collected data.   

H.C.7A.2   

H.C.7A.3  

H.C.7A.4